TimeLine


John Wesley

Methodist Beginnings In America
Formation of Methodist Societies in and around London 1739 Slave revolt in South Carolina
John Wesley's first conference of preachers 1744 King George's War between the British and French in North America begins
Robert Strawbridge organizes a Methodist class. 1763 Treaty of Paris I
Barbara Heck helps to establish a Methodist congregation in New York City which is a forerunner to the John Street Church.  United Ministers, a non-sectarian group, developed. This group was a forerunner of the United Brethren Church. 1766

Repeal of Stamp Act. Declatory Act.

   Richard Boardman and Joseph Pilmore arrive in America. 1769 Virginia's resolutions
Mary Evans Thorne is appointed class leader by Joseph Pilmore in Philadelphia. Thorne is probably the first woman in the Colonies to be appointed as such. 1770 Boston Massacre
First conference of American Methodist preachers. George Shadford and Thomas Rankin sail for America 1773 Boston Tea Party
Christmas Conference. Ordination of preachers.  Richard Allen and Absalom Jones are the first African Americans licensed to preach 1784 Plan to divide Western territories for new states. New York City temporary national capital of United States
Formation of black congregations
Cokesbury College opens in Abingdon, Maryland.
1787 Constitutional Convention
Jacob Albright's conversion.  Methodist Episcopal Church recognizes Sunday School as a valid ministry 1790 First United States patent issued. First United States census. The census reports that 697,897 slaves and 59,466 free African Americans in the United States.  The first successful American Sunday School is established in Philadelphia.
First quadrennial General Conference of American Methodists 1792 Postal Service, Mint, and Military Draft established
Albright began his first preaching tour 1796 Tennessee is the 16th state admitted to the Union
Otterbein and Boehm found the Church of the United Brethren in Christ(a.k.a. United Brethren Church).   Founding of the the Evangelical Association 1800 National capital moved to Washington, D.C.
Cane Ridge Camp Meeting, the Great Revival in the West begins 1801 Thomas Jefferson inaugurated
First conference of the Evangelical Association meets and "ordains" Albright 1803 Marbury vs. Madison case.
Louisian Purchase.
Methodists adopt a constitution.
Jacob Albright dies
1808 Slave importation prohibited.
There are 1,000,000 slaves in the United States.
First Discipline and Catechism of the Evangelical Association is printed 1809 James Madison inaugurated. Non-Intercourse Act
Evangelical Association holds first German camp meeting 1810 Postal services consolidated under uniform private contracts
General Conference is composed of its first elected delegates 1812 War of 1812
William Otterbein dies.  Christian Newcomber becomes a bishop for the United Brethren Church 1813 James Madison sworn in for second term
Thomas Coke dies.  John Dreisbach elected first Presiding Elder for the Evangelical Association 1814 Washington, D.C. burned by British Army.  War of 1812 ends
First General Conference of United Brethren Church in Christ - Discipline and Confession of Faith adopted 1815 Battle of New Orleans
   Francis Asbury dies.   Formation of the African Methodist Episcopal Church.  First General Conference adopts the name Evangelical Association. 1816 Indiana statehood
First publishing house for the Evangelical Association starts in New Berlin, Pennsylvania.  Negotiations for a potential merger  between the Church of the United Brethren in Christ and the Evangelical Association at the "Social" Conference". 1817 James Monroe inaugurated
Formation of Methodist Missionary Society - mission to Wyandot Indians in Ohio established 1819 Florida acquired from Spain
   Reformers debate roles of bishops and laity in the Methodist Episcopal Church 1820 Missouri Compromise.
American Colonization Society founds Liberia for the repatriation of African-Americans.
African Methodist Episcopal Church Zion founded 1821 Emma Hart Willard found Troy Female Seminary, first endowed school for girls
Zion's Herald begins publication, first Methodist weekly newspaper 1823 Monroe Doctrine
"Reformers" exit to form the associated Methodist Churches 1828 Tariff of Abominations.
Noah Webster's American Dictionary of the English Language published.
Primitive Methodists begun mission to America. 1829 Andrew Jackson inaugurated
Organization of Methodist Protestant Church 1830 First locomotive steam engine put into service.
Slavery north of the Mason-Dixon Line is virtually abolished.
Massive German immigration to the United States begins.

Return to Top

Melville Cox begins first overseas mission in Liberia 1833 Sewing machine invented.
Oberlin College opens in Ohio - It admits African-Americans and women from its inception.
The United Brethren Publishing House is formed.  Evangelical Association begins publishing the Der Christliche Botschafter.
Sophronia Farrington, the first unmarried Methodist woman missionary, arrive in Liberia.
1834 McCormick invents the mechanical reaper.
Organization of the New York Female Moral Reform Society.
Der Christliche Botschafter, the first Evangelical Association newspaper, begins publication 1836 Texas gains independence.
The New York Women's Anti-Salvery Society bars African-Americans from its membership roles.
Ann Wilkins goes to Liberia 1837 Depression
Evangelcial Association missionary society founded 1838 Cherokee, Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasaws, and Seminole Native-Americans were forcibly removed from their homeland in the Southeast and Appalachian Mountains.
First Methodist regional historical society founded.  John Seybert elected first bishop for the Evangelical Association since Jacob Albright's death.
The Methodist Episcopal Church acquires Wesleyan Female College, Macon, Georgia, the first college to grant full collegiate degrees to women.
1839 Mississippi enacts the Married Women's Property law.
Die Geschäftige Martha established by the Church of the United Brethren in Christ.
Newbury Bible Institute (Vermont) is founded, the first American Methodist seminary, forerunner of Boston University School of Theology.
1840 The Hawaiian kingdom is recognized as an independant country by Europe and the USA
The Ladies' Repository, the first Methodist periodical for women, is published 1841 Benjamin Harrison inaugurated, dies
Radical abolitionists exit to form Wesleyan Methodist Church 1842 Massachusetts Labor Union
Methodists North and South split over twin issues of slavery and episcopacy.
Indian Mission to the Oklahoma Territory.
The New York Ladies' Home Missionary Society is organized.
1844 Samuel Morse invents the telegraph
The Methodist Episcopal Church, South is organized 1845 Florida statehood. Texas annexed.
Potato famine in Ireland begins which results in thousands of immigrants coming to the United States.
A United Brethren quarterly conference gives Charity Opheral a preacher's license.  Otterbein College established-first college for the United Brethren.
The Methodist Episcopal Church, South publishes Southern Ladies' Companion.
1847 Utah settled by Mormons. American forces take Mexico City.  
Fredrick Douglass begins publishing the North Star.
Gold is discovered in California.
The Evangelical Association begins publishing The Evangelical Messenger.
The Ladies' China Missionary Society of Baltimore is organized.
The Methodist Episcopal Church, South begins mission work in China.
1848 Forerunner of the Associated Press is founded in New York.
Mexican War ends.
Convention in Seneca Falls, New York, launches the women's rights movement.
Five Points Mission is established in
New York City.  Jubilee year of founding and Mission to Germany begun by the Evangelical Association
1850 Compromise of 1850.
Fugitive Slave Law enacted.
Lucy Stanton is the first African-American woman to complete a collegiate course of study (Oberlin Colege).
Earliest call yet discovered for deaconess as an order in the Methodist Episcopal Church in the Zion's Herald, March 17, 1852 issue. 1852 Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes Uncle Tom's Cabin.
Sojourner Truth delivers her "Ain't I a Woman" speech.
Church of the United Brethren in Christ's Missionary Society founded 1853 Envelopes made by paper folding machine
The first missionaries for the United Brethren Church are sent to Sierra Leone.  Garrett Biblical Institute opens in Evanston, Illinois. 1855 Abolitionists in New England and other parts of the North form Emigrant Aid Societies to send anti-slavery activists into Kansas, where they can vote to keep it free. In Georgia and Alabama similar societies send in settlers who will vote in defense of slavery.
Iowa becomes the first state univeristy to admit women.

Return to Top

Clementina Rowe Butler and William Butler arrive as the first messionaries of the Methodist Episcopal Church in India.
The Church of the United Brethren in Christ' General Conference passes a resolution that no woman should be allowed to preach.
1857 Dred Scott decision.
Dwight L. Moody begins revivalist career.
The Ladies' China Missionary Society supports a girls' school in China, and two unmarried teachers, Sarah and Beulah Woolston, are sent by the Methodist Episcopal Church Missionary Society.
Mrs. M. L. Kelley of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South organizes a fund-raising effort for missionaries in China. This is the earliest effort on record by the women of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South in support of foreign missions.
1858 Minnesota is the 32nd state admitted to the Union
Young J. Allen and wife, missionaries for the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, arrive in China to establish a mission.   Phoebe Palmer proclaims the rights of women to preach the Gospel in her book Promise of the Father. 1860 Abraham Lincoln elected.  South Carolina secedes
North Central College founded - Evangelical Association.
Annie Whitmeyer becomes an agent for the Western Commission.
1861 Richmond, Virginia, becomes the official capital of the Conferderacy
Full clergy rights for black preachers.
Methodist deaconess work begins in Germany.
1864 Sherman takes Atlanta
Evangelical Mission to Switzerland formed 1865 Abraham Lincoln assassinated
Theological seminaries established.
Maggie
VanCott, first Methodist Episcopal Church woman to get local Preacher's license.
Freedmen's Aid Society formed.
Helenor M. Davidson is ordained a deacon by the Methodist Protestant Church.
The Methodist Episocpal Church, South adopts lay representation in General and Annual Conferences.
1866 National Labor Union
National Camp Meeting Association for the Promotion of Holiness is founded 1867 United States buys Alaska
Otis Gibson begins work with Chinese in California.
Annie Whitmeyer establishes The Ladies and Pastors Christian Union.
1868 14th Amendment - Rights of Citizens.
New England Suffrage Association is organized.

The Woman's Foreign Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church is formed. Isabella Thoburn and Clara Swain leave for India.
Maggie Newton Van Cott is granted a local preacher's license.

1869 Trans-Continental Railroad.
Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton found the National Woman Sufferage Association.
First Japanese immigrants arrive in the United States (California).
Colored Methodist Episcopal Church organized (Name changed to Christian Methodist Episcopal Church in 1952) 1870 15th Amendment - Right to Vote
Alejo Hernendez becomes the first Mexican ordained by a Methodist body - Methodist Episcopal Church, South.
  Union Biblical Seminary founded by the Church of the United Brethren in Christ in Dayton, Ohio.
1871 Congress approves the Indian Appropriations Act
Lay representation won in Methodist Episcopal Church 1872 Arbor Day (April 10) is celebrated for the first time in Nebraska
William and Clementina Butler establish a mission in Mexico for the Methodist Episcopal Church.
  Woman's Missionary Association of the Church of the United Brehtren in Christ founded.
  Union Biblical Institute, later named [Garrett]-Evangelical Theological Seminary, founded.
The Church of the United Brethren in Christ's Sarah Dickey opens Mt. Hermon Seminary for African-American girls in Mississippi.
1873 Depression
The Women's Christian Temperance Union is formed 1874 First structural steel bridge built in St. Louis
Mission to Japan begun by the Evangelical Association.
Church of the United Brethen in Christ women organize the Woman's Missionary Association; in 1877 they are given General Conference recognition.
1875
American Express adopts the first private pension plan in American industry

Return to Top

Emily Beekin is sent to Sierra Leone as the first missionary of the United Brethren's Woman's Missionary Society. 1877 Thomas Edison invents the phonograph
First Test Case: Ordination of women of the Methodist Episcopal Church 1880 New immigrants come
First Ecumenical Methodist Conference - London 1881 Beginning of Civil Service reform
Board of Church Extension is started by the Methodist Episcopal Church 1882 Rockefeller gains oil trust
Woman's Home Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South is recognized 1890 Sherman Anti-Trust Act
Lay delegates of the Church of the United Brethren in Christ are admitted to General Conference which includes two women 1893 American businessmen and lawyers in Hawaii stage a revolt, backed by U.S. troops
The United Evangelical Church officially breaks away from the Evangelical Association 1894 Pullman Company strike
Full laity rights for women - Methodist Episcopal Church 1900 Hawaii Territory organized
Women are given laity rights and admitted as delegates to General Conference - Methodist Episcopal Church 1904 Roosevelt corollary to Monroe Doctrine
Joint Methodist hymnbook, Methodist Episcopal Church and Methodist Episcopal Church, South 1905 Theodore Roosevelt inaugurated for second term
Methodist Protestant Church begins work in India 1906 Pan-American Conference. San Francisco earthquake and fire
First Methodist Social Creed adopted 1908 Model T introduced by Ford Motor Company
The Brotherhood, A United Brethren men's fellowship group, is orginized 1909 William Taft inaugurated
Lake Junaluska Assembly is opend for Southern Methodists. Wesley Foundation is organized at the University of Illinois 1913 Woodrow Wilson inaugurated.
17th Amendment - Income Tax
Candler School of Theology is founded 1914 Wilson proclaims United States neutrality
First black bishops elected and a woman granted local preacher status in the Methodist Episcopal Church 1920 19th Amendment - Women's Suffrage
Evangelical Church formed. Methodist Episcopal Church, South gives women full laity rights 1922 Colonel Charles Young, one of the first African Americans to graduate from West Point, dies in Lagos, Nigeria. Young was also the first African American to become a colonel in the United States Army
"Local" ordination of women in the Methodist Episcopal Church 1924 Teapot Dome Scandal
The Methodist Episcopal Church, Methodist Episcopal Church, South, and the Methodist Protestant Church issue a joint hymnal 1935 WPA formed. Social Security Act passed
FORMATION OF THE METHODIST CHURCH WORLD WAR II
Formation of the Methodist Church, union of the Methodist Episcopal Churches North and South and the Methodist Protestant Church 1939 Hitler signs an order authorizing
involuntary euthanasia
First meeting of the Central Jurisdiction 1940 Benjamin Davis becomes the first black General in the United States Army
Provisional Conference for Puerto Rico organized 1941 Pearl Harbor attacked
FORMATION OF THE EVANGELICAL UNITED BRETHREN CHURCH COLD WAR
Merger of the Evangelical Church and the United Brethren Church to form the Evangelical United Brethren Church 1946 The Phillipines, a United States protectorate, gains its independence
Oriental Provisional Conference organized 1950 Korean War
Hymnario Metodista is published 1955 Montgomery, Alabama bus boycott
Full clergy rights for women in the Methodist Church (Maude Keister Jensen) 1956 Suez Canal crisis
Gusta A. Robinett, missionary, first woman appointed district superintendent of the Medan Chinese District, Sumatra Conference in Indonesia 1959 Alaska and Hawaii statehood
Central Jurisdiction forms a committee to study ways of eliminating the jurisdiction 1960 John F. Kennedy elected
Cuban missionaries recalled, native pastors follow 1961 First manned space flight. Relations with Cuba are severed. Freedom riders
Methodist Church of Ceylon becomes autonomous 1963 Kennedy assassinated
Beginning of end for the Central Jurisdiction. Lim Swee Beng, second woman and first national appointed district superintendent of the Malacca District, Malaysia Chinese Conference 1964 24th Admendment - Elimination of Poll Tax
Evangelicals launch Good News Movement 1966 National Organization for Women founded
Margaret Henrichsen - First woman district superintendent in the United States 1967 Long Hot Summer
FORMATION OF THE UNITED METHODIST CHURCH
Union of Methodist Church and Evangelical United Brethren Church. General Commission on Religion and Race formed. General Commission on Archives and History formed. General Council on Ministries formed 1968 Democratic Convention riots in Chicago

Return to Top